Memorials and victory monuments

St. Petersburg was the capital of the Russian Empire for over two centuries, the birthplace of the Bolshevik Revolution, and on the front line of the Soviet struggle to repel the Nazi forces during the Second World War. It's no surprise, then, that the city has a huge number of monuments celebrating great victories and commemorating those who gave their lives in the service of their country. Two events in particular - the 28-month Siege of Leningrad (1941-1944) and the victory over Napoleon's invading armies in 1812 - have a particular resonance in Russian history, and each has inspired several public monuments in the city. Other memorials commemorate naval tragedies and those who suffered during the bloody repressions of the Soviet era.